UPSC full form? Union Public Service Commission

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a constitutional body under the Government of India. It is responsible for the recruitment of staff into the Indian Civil Services (ICS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and the Indian Police Service (IPS), as well as various other Group A and Group B civil services.

What are its functions?

The Union Public Service Commission conducts the following tests for recruitment to various civil services and posts:

1. Civil Services Examination (CSE)

2. Combined Geographical All India Examination (CGSEE) for entry into the Indian Foreign Service

3. Staff Selection Commission Examination (SSC) for entry into the DASS, SPSS, and allied services

4. Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) for entry into the Indian Information Service

5. National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (II)

6. Combined Medical Services Examination (MCC) for admission to the Armed Forces Medical College, Pune

7. Engineering Services Examination (ESE), formerly known as Indian Engineering Services (IES) Examination.

Exam pattern and syllabus

1. Civil Services Examination (CSE)

The Civil Services Examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service and a number of other All India services and posts in Group A and Group B services under the Government of India.

Paper I consists of five compulsory papers while Paper II has four optional papers which can be attempted by those candidates who qualify in Paper I. The optional papers are meant only for those candidates, who intend to join foreign service or administrative service through UPSC CSE exam 2015.

The total marks allotted for both the papers together is 1000 with no sectional cut-offs.

2. Combined Geographical All India Examination (CGSEE) for entry into the Indian Foreign Service

The Combined Graduate Level Examination, popularly known as the CGLE or the CSE-II examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for entry into Indian Foreign Service (IFS).

The total marks allotted are 1400 with sectional cut-offs. Marks are awarded in written tests and Interview/Personality Test to final marks out of 2400.

3. Staff Selection Commission Examination (SSC) for entry into the DASS, SPSS, and allied services

The Staff Selection Commission conducts a number of examinations for recruitment to various posts under Central Government Ministries, Subordinate Offices, Banks, etc. Candidates can apply if they fulfill prescribed eligibility conditions for that particular post e.g., educational qualifications and age limits.

4. Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) for entry into the Indian Information Service

The Union Public Service Commission conducts a test known as the Civil Services Aptitude Test for recruitment to the Indian Information Service through direct recruitment, which is being conducted on a number of different occasions throughout the year. The result of CSAT-2012 has been announced on 17 January 2013.

5. National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (II)

The National Defence Academy and Naval Academy examinations are held twice every year by UPSC for entry into the NDA and NA respectively, followed by specialized training at their respective academies for 40 weeks in order to streamline and enhance their professional skills and leadership abilities required to lead men in peace and war. Candidates are selected on the basis of an entrance exam known as NDA-II which is conducted by UPSC.

6. Combined Medical Services Examination (MCC) for admission to the Armed Forces Medical College, Pune

The Combined Medical Services Examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for admission into AFMC, Pune that usually held in January every year. The marks are awarded on the basis of performance in Objective Paper 1 & 2 carrying equal weightage for the final selection of candidates, with some relaxation given to SC/ST candidates.

7. Engineering Services Exam (ESE), formerly known as Indian Engineering Services (IES) examination

The Indian Engineering Services (IES) examination is an engineering services examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission mainly for engineers from all branches of engineering.

Prospective candidates must have a Degree in Engineering or Technology to be considered eligible for the exam.

8. Combined Medical Services Examination (MCC) for admission to Armed Forces Medical College, Pune

The Combined Medical Services Examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission mainly for engineers from all branches of engineering. Prospective candidates must have a Degree in Engineering or Technology to be considered eligible for the exam.

9. National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (I)

The National Defence Academy and Naval Academy examinations are held twice every year by UPSC for entry into NDA and NA respectively, followed by specialized training at their respective academies for 40 weeks in order to streamline and enhance their professional skills and leadership abilities required to lead men in peace and war.

Candidates are selected on the basis of an entrance exam known as NDA-I which is conducted by UPSC.

10. Indian Forest Service Examination (IFS)

The Indian Forest Service examination is a three-tier competitive selection process recognized by UPSC for recruitment into the IFS, an All India service. The preliminary stage consists of a Preliminary Examination open to anyone who has passed his/her bachelor’s degree while the Mains Stage comprises two parts namely, Descriptive Paper or DP wrote at the Class-II level followed by an interview. In this way, IFS is a promotional service where subordinates can rise up to 30 grades.

11. Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE)

The UGC Sponsored Combined Defence Service Examination (CDSE) is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for entry into the prestigious and lucrative Armed Forces Dental Corps and Military Nursing Service.

The selection process consists of a preliminary and main examination and an interview conducted in two stages: the Preliminary Exam followed by Main Exam. The final merit list is based on marks scored in both stages of examination, i.e., CDSE I and CDSE II taken together after adding 50% weightage to marks scored in Main Exam and without any negative marking.

12. Indian Economic Service (IES) Examination

The Indian Economic Service Examination is an All India competitive examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment into the Indian Economic Service (IES). The IES is a feeder service to the Indian Administrative Service and other Central Services.

13. Indian Statistical Service (ISS) Examination

The Indian Statistical Service Examination is an All India competitive examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment into the Indian Statistical Service (ISS). The ISS is a feeder service to the Indian Administrative Service and other Central Services.

14. Engineering Services Exam (ESE), formerly known as Indian Engineering Services (IES) examination

The ESE, formerly known as IES, the exam is conducted by UPSC for entry into all engineering services of Group “A” such as Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics, and Telecommunication, etc. It is a three-tier competitive examination in which Stage I–II constitutes the main examination while stage III constitutes the personality test.

15. Indian Forest Service (IFS)

The Indian Forest Service exam is conducted by UPSC for recruitment into the prestigious Indian Forest Service, an All India service. The selection process consists of preliminary followed by Mains stage.

There are two stages in Prelims Examination i.e., Objective Type Questions for 100 marks and Descriptive paper carrying 300 marks both to be attempted in 2 hours duration.

Main Examination will have Section A containing 4 papers x 2 hours each having 200 questions multiple-choice type from General Studies/General Ability/Professional Knowledge/Environment & Ecology/Forestry/Agriculture.

16. Indian Police Service (IPS) Examination

The UPSC conducts the IPS exam for recruitment into the Indian Police Service and is a three-tier competitive examination comprising Preliminary, Mains, and Interview stages. The preliminary and main examinations are of descriptive nature where only qualifying marks are awarded no negative marking while interview also comprises of two stages Personality Test and Essay/Precis Writing.

17. Combined Defence Services (CDS) Examination

The combined defense services exam is conducted by UPSC for entry into prestigious Joint Services such as Army, Navy & Air Force of India after 10+2 by conducting a common written test called CDS Exam which has 2 phases: Phase I – Written Examination and Phase II – Personality Test/Viva-Voce. CDS Exam Pattern: Detailed description can be found on the official UPSC website at http://upsc.gov.in/exams/cds

18. Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) Examination

The SCRA examination is conducted by Union Public Service Commission for recruitment into Indian Railway Traffic Services, Indian Railway Accounts Service, and Production Unit of Indian Railways through a selection process consisting of a written preliminary exam followed by the main exam and interview stage. The total marks in Prelims are 200 while the Main exam has 400 marks without any negative marking.

Eligibility criteria

The eligibility criteria for the Indian Economic Service Examination, Indian Statistical Service Examination, Engineering Services Examination, Indian Forest Service Examination, Indian Police Service Examination, Combined Defence Services Examination and Special Class Railway Apprentice Examination are as follows:

1. The applicant must be a citizen of India.

2. The age of the applicant must be between 21 and 30 years as on 1st August of the year of examination.

3. The applicant must have qualified in the final year of a Bachelor’s degree examination or in an equivalent examination from a recognized university.

4. The applicant must have scored at least one-half of the marks prescribed for the final year of the Bachelor’s degree examination or equivalent qualification or an average of 50% marks in the aggregate.

5. In case a candidate has not appeared for the examination in the final year of a bachelor’s degree, he/she should have a recognized diploma or an equivalent qualification and score at least one-half of the marks prescribed for, or 50% aggregate marks in the qualifying degree/diploma, etc.

6. The applicant must have studied mathematics as one of his/her principal subjects during the Bachelor’s degree course with requisite proficiency to be judged by the MCQ test set by UPSC.

Books and study materials to refer to

Books and Study Materials to Refer To:

1. Manorama Yearbook

2. Outlook India Yearbook

3. The Hindu (National Newspaper)

4. Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth

5. General Studies Manual by Mrunal.org

6. Lucent’s General Knowledge

7. Pearson’s General Knowledge Manual

8. CSAT Manual by Mrunal.org

9. The Hindu CSAT Manual

10. GK by Manohar Pandey, Meenakshi Agarwal, Sunil Kumar Kanaujia, & Yashwant Singh Parmar

11. UPSC’s Blue Print for General Studies Paper 1 and 2 from IAS Concept Notebooks

12. Geography by Upinder Dhar, Pulkit Grover, Prachi Grover, Ashish Gupta, Niharika Lathwal & Samarth Sharma (Pearson)

13. Economics by Ramesh Singh (Pearson)

14. Principles of Management by B K Tripathi (Pearson)

15. Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation by Vinod Kumar Gupta (Pearson)

16. A Modern Approach to Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by R S Aggarwal

17. Comprehensive Guide to UPSC’s General Studies Paper 1 & 2

18. Logical reasoning by Kamal Kant Tripathi & Rakshit Desai

19. Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations 11th Edition by R S Aggarwal (McGraw Hill)

20. Quantitative Ability for Competitive Examination 10th Edition Indian Reprint of Arora’s Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Exams, 6TH EDITION By Neeraj Khatri, Ashok kumar Sharma & Pradeep Bhardwaj (S.Chand)

21. Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations by R S Aggarwal

22. SSB Interview Guide by Kaustubh Padwad, Yogesh Dhyani & Pooja Arora (Pearson)

23. Numerical Ability By G K Rawat (Manuals Press)

24. Objective General English Grammar by Yashwant Dev Malviya & Mrunal Manohar Pandey (New Age International Publishers )

If you are interested in taking up one of these exams, the eligibility criteria is listed above. To be eligible for Indian Economic Service Examination, Indian Statistical Service Examination, Engineering Services Examination, Indian Forest Service Examination or Combined Defence Services Exams- your age must range between 21 and 30 years as on 1st August of the year of examination.

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