Full form of DNA? Deoxyribonucleic acid

The full form of DNA is Deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is a molecule composed of two chains that wind around each other to form a double helix. It carries genetic instructions for the development, growth, and reproduction of all known organisms and many viruses. DNA and ribonucleic acid are both nucleic acids.

The double helix structure of DNA

The double helix structure of DNA was discovered by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953. This discovery helped to explain the genetic instructions of all known organisms.

The double helix structure of DNA is formed by two chains that wind around each other. These chains are composed of nucleotides, which are molecules made up of a nitrogenous base, a sugar, and a phosphate group.

The nitrogenous base in DNA is either adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), or thymine (T). The sugar in DNA is deoxyribose, and the phosphate group is attached to the 5′ carbon of the sugar molecule.

How does the double helix form

The double helix structure of DNA is formed by two chains that wind around each other. These chains are composed of nucleotides, which are molecules made up of a nitrogenous base, a sugar, and a phosphate group.

The nitrogenous base in DNA is either adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), or thymine (T). The sugar in DNA is deoxyribose, and the phosphate group is attached to the 5′ carbon of the sugar molecule.

The two chains of DNA are held together by hydrogen bonds between the nitrogenous bases. These hydrogen bonds form between adenine and thymine, and between cytosine and guanine.

Which nucleotides are found in the backbone of a strand of DNA

The backbone of a strand of DNA is composed of the sugar deoxyribose and the phosphate group. The nitrogenous bases are attached to the sugar molecule. The adenine and thymine bases are attached to the 1′ carbon of the sugar, and the cytosine and guanine bases are attached to the 5′ carbon of the sugar.

Functions of DNA

DNA is found in the nucleus of cells and is responsible for holding all the inherited information. This genetic material is passed from one cell to its daughters, as well as from one generation to the next.

Each person has their own unique sequence of DNA that doesn’t match anyone else’s. This DNA property is used in DNA fingerprinting, a method used to identify someone.

DNA also influences metabolic reactions of cells with the aid of hormones, enzymes, and specific RNAs.

The full form of DNA is Deoxyribonucleic acid. This material can be found in the nucleus of cells and contains all inherited information, which passes from one generation to the next. It also influences metabolic reactions with hormones and enzymes.

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