Below Poverty Line is a term used by the Indian government to identify people who are living in poverty. To be eligible for government assistance, a person must earn less than ₹32 per day (US$0.50).
What is BPL and who is eligible for government assistance Below Poverty Line
(BPL) refers to anyone living on less than 32 rupees per day, which amounts to $0.50 in American currency. The Indian government sets this as an eligibility requirement for people who are deemed impoverished, thus creating several categories of BPL cards so that those who need them can receive benefits accordingly.
How does the Indian government identify people who are living in poverty
The Indian government does this through a census, which was conducted as recently as 2011. However, NGOs and other organizations stepped forward to help those who could not be identified by enumerators .
benefits are available to people who are below the poverty line
Assistance includes housing benefits, food programs (such as subsidized meals at local canteens), health care subsidies, and access to sanitation facilities. Government officials have recognized that income generation was vital for rural communities , so they started encouraging BPL families to start small businesses.
How has BPL changed over the years
Before India created an official policy regarding poverty reduction in 1992 with its National Policy for Urban Street Vendors, those who worked as street vendors were not eligible for BPL cards. In 2003, however, the government included those who made less than 15000 rupees (about $300) per year- regardless of whether or not they were working as street vendors- as people living below the poverty line .
What challenges does BPL currently face
The current challenge is that there isn’t a clear definition of “rural” and “urban.” When there isn’t a clear delineation between where people live, it’s difficult to create an accurate picture of how many people are actually living in poverty and where they’re concentrated. This makes it hard to effectively map out poverty reduction policies .
How can we help reduce poverty in India
The US has given about $2 billion in aid to India since 1992, and we should continue that. Moreover, the Indian government needs to focus on creating more jobs through initiatives like microfinance (which provides small loans to people who need money for their businesses), educational programs (especially for girls), and vocational training .
The role of NGOs in alleviating poverty NGOs can help alleviate poverty by giving people a sense of security- especially when it comes to financial security- so they feel empowered enough to take action in their communities. For instance, an NGO might give sewing machines or clotheslines to a woman so she can start her own business .
How has BPL changed over the years In 2005
the Indian government created a committee made up of state poverty alleviation ministers to oversee the BPL scheme .
What are the possible negative impacts of BPL Corruption is one major drawback.
Another possible negative impact that everyone should be aware of is this: if people receive BPL cards, they may spend their money on personal items instead of spending it on their communities .
an easier way to identify people who are below poverty line?
The government has considered using self-declaration or caste certificates as identification methods , but those ideas can lead to other problems because self-declared income data by individuals isn’t entirely reliable and the castes aren’t evenly distributed throughout India.
The government also thought about using censuses conducted by other agencies, but they determined that censuses are inaccurate because the census data doesn’t match up with their administrative records .
What can be done to help alleviate poverty in India
We need to keep having debates about how people are selected for BPL cards. Moreover, we need to encourage young people to start their own small businesses- especially women , who have limited opportunities available since most microfinance programs are made specifically for men .
How does the Indian government identify people who are living in poverty?
The Indian government identifies poor households through a survey or census called the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC), which is conducted by district authorities .
Though the process of identifying people who are living in poverty is not without its challenges, the Indian government has put in place a number of measures to try and accurately assess how many people are living below the poverty line.
With more than 400 million people estimated to be living in poverty, there is still much work to be done, but concerted efforts by the government and NGOs alike should help reduce the numbers over time. What have been your thoughts on BPL after reading this article?